Tahrir Square alights with fireworks — Fireworks light the sky opponents of Egypt’s Islamist President Mohammed Morsi celebrate in Tahrir Square in Cairo, Egypt, Wednesday, July 3, 2013. A statement on the Egyptian president’s office’s Twitter account has quoted Mohammed Morsi as calling military measures “a full coup.” The denouncement was posted shortly after the Egyptian military announced it was ousting Morsi, who was Egypt’s first freely elected leader but drew ire with his Islamist leanings. The military says it has replaced him with the chief justice of the Supreme constitutional Court, called for early presidential election and suspended the Islamist-backed constitution.(AP Photo/Amr Nabil)
A spokesperson for the Brotherhood, to which Morsi belonged, tweeted the statement.
Giant cheering crowds of Morsi’s opponents have been gathered in Cairo’s Tahrir Square and other locations nationwide, waving flags furiously in expection that the military will act to remove the Islamist president after the deadline ends.
The military has not said it would act immediately at the stroke of the deadline’s expiration. But it has said it will impose its own political plan if Morsi failed to satisfy the protesters’ demands. (AP Photo/Amr Nabil)
Hundreds of hands move in unison — Egyptian protesters wave their hands and hold national flags during anti-President Mohammed Morsi demonstration in Tahrir Square, the focal point of Egyptian uprising in Cairo, Egypt, Friday, June 28, 2013. Tens of thousands of backers and opponents of Egypt’s Islamist president held competing rallies in the capital Friday and new clashes erupted between the two sides in the countryís second largest city, Alexandria, in a prelude to massive nationwide protests planned by the opposition this weekend demanding Mohammed Morsiís removal.(AP Photo/Amr Nabil)
Police fired tear gas in a street leading to Cairo’s Tahrir Square, heart of the 2011 anti-Mubarak uprising, where thousands demanded Mursi quit and accused him of launching a “coup”. There were violent protests in Alexandria, Port Said and Suez.
“The people want to bring down the regime,” shouted protesters in Tahrir, echoing a chant used in the uprising that forced Mubarak to step down. “Get out, Mursi,” they chanted. (Reuters; AP Photos)
United last year by popular anger at Mubarak and his 30-year rule, Egyptians gathering on the January 25 anniversary were in high spirits but divided between activists demanding a swift end to army rule and Islamists celebrating their dramatic change in fortunes after emerging victors in a parliamentary election.
In a powerful and graphic video seen around the world, soldiers are seen beating and dragging the woman along the street during a protest. Her clothing becomes loose and her blue bra is clearly on show as a soldier stomps on her.
U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton expressed outrage at the woman’s treatment and said it dishonours the country.
“This systematic degradation of Egyptian women dishonours the revolution, disgraces the state and its uniform and is not worthy of a great people,” she said.
During the early days of Egypt’s revolution, the once-powerful and much-feared interior minister, Habib al-Adly, reportedly dismissed Cairo’s protesters as “a bunch of incognizant, ineffective young people.”
It was, perhaps, the most erroneous assessment of the entire Arab Spring.
Mr. Habib obviously had not met Wael Ghonim, the former Google executive, computer engineer and Internet activist who unwittingly became the unofficial spokesman for Egypt’s revolutionaries.
“I’m not a hero. I want to tell every mother and every father who lost a child, I am sorry. But this is not our mistake. I swear to God, it is not our mistake. It is the mistake of every one of those in power who doesn’t want to let go of it.” (Photo: Dylan Martinez/Reuters)
By early afternoon, troops were trying to disperse around 10,000 protesters with truncheons and what witnesses said appeared to be cattle prods that they used to give electric shocks to some of the demonstrators.
In a pattern of spreading violence that has become a familiar refrain during nine months of army rule since President Hosni Mubarak’s overthrow, protesters regrouped in growing numbers as resentment at security forces’ tactics grew. (Photo: Amr Abdallah Dalsh/Reuters)
In the nine months since the end of Mubarak’s 30-year rule, political change in Egypt has faltered, with the military apparently more focused on preserving its power and privilege than on fostering any democratic transformation.
Frustration erupted last week into violent protests that cost 42 lives and forced the army council to promise civilian rule by July.
“Aren’t the army officers the ones who protected us during the revolution? What do those slumdogs in Tahrir want?” one woman asked loudly at a polling station in Cairo’s Nasr City.
“Those in Tahrir are young men and women who are the reason why a 61-year-old man like me voted in a parliamentary election for the first time in his life today,” one man replied politely. (Photo: Mahmud Hams/AFP/Getty Images)
The military generals were feted as champions of the uprising that toppled Hosni Mubarak in February, but the violence since Saturday when police moved to break up a sit-in Cairo’s Tahrir Square has underlined growing hostility to their continued control.
“I’ve seen the police beat women my mother’s age. I want military rule to end,” said 21-year-old Mohamed Gamal. (Photo: Amr Abdallah Dalsh/Reuters)
The protesters chanted Islamic songs before Friday prayers while others handed out flyers demanding the withdrawal of the constitutional proposal and that presidential elections be held no later than April 2012, instead of at year end or in 2013.
“Does the government want to humiliate the people? The people revolted against Mubarak and they will revolt against the constitution they want to impose on us!” a member of an orthodox Islamic Salafi group cried out over loudspeakers. (Photo: Khaled Desouki/AFP/Getty Images)
'Virginity tests' done, general says An Egyptian general said the military conducted forced “virginity tests” on female protesters in March, actions that have outraged Egyptian activists who called for demonstrations to condemn the incident.
"The girls who were detained were not like your daughter or mine," the general, who did not want to be named, told CNN.
"We didn’t want them to say we had sexually assaulted or raped them, so we wanted to prove that they weren’t virgins in the first place.
"These were girls who had camped out in tents with male protesters in Tahrir Square, and we found in the tents Molotov cocktails and [drugs]," he said.
Amnesty International had previously called on the government to investigate accusations that the army tortured and abused women arrested in the protests. (Miguel Medina/AFP/Getty Images)
A girl attends Friday prayer in front of an army tank during Friday prayers in Tahrir Square in Cairo, Feb. 18, 2011. Egyptians held a nationwide “Victory March” on Friday to celebrate the overthrow of Hosni Mubarak’s 30-year rule one week ago, to protect the revolution and to remind new military rulers of the power of the street. (Photo: Suhaib Salem/Reuters)