Violent clashes in Egypt — Violent crackdown by Egyptian Security Forces on a pro-Morsi sit-in demonstration at the Rabaa al-Adweya Mosque in the Nasr City district took place on August 14, 2013 in Cairo, Egypt. An unknown number of pro-Morsi protesters were killed in Egypt’s capital today as Egyptian Security Forces undertook a planned operation to clear Morsi supporters from two sit-in demonstrations in Cairo where they have camped for over a month. Egyptian Police and Army forces entered protest sites in the Nasr City and Giza districts at dawn using tear gas, live fire and bulldozers to disperse protesters and destroy the camps. A state of emergency has been declared in Egypt to begin this afternoon and will reportedly last for one month.
Smoke clogged the sky and fires smouldered on the streets, which were lined with charred poles and tarps after several tents were burned. The smaller camp was cleared relatively quickly, but clashes were ongoing at the main site near a mosque that has served as the epicenter of the pro-Morsi campaign.
The assault came after days of warnings by the military-backed interim administration that replaced President Mohammed Morsi after he was ousted in a July 3 coup. The two sit-in camps at two major intersections on opposite sides of the Egyptian capital began in late June to show support for Morsi. Aftre the coup, protesters there have demanded his reinstatement. (Photos: AP Photo/Ahmed Gomaa; Mohammed Abdel Moneim / AFP / Getty Images; AP Photo / Hassan Ammar)
Fireworks and clashes in Egypt — A firework fired by opponents of ousted President Mohammed Morsi explodes over the supporters during clashes in downtown Cairo, Egypt, Monday, July 15, 2013. Thousands of supporters of deposed President Mohammed Morsi held mass rallies and marched in the streets Monday to demand his return to office. The protest turned violent in downtown Cairo as police fired tear gas at pro-Morsi protesters who burned tires, threw rocks and blocked traffic flow on a main roadway running through the heart of the capital. (AP Photo/Hussein Malla)
Hundreds of hands move in unison — Egyptian protesters wave their hands and hold national flags during anti-President Mohammed Morsi demonstration in Tahrir Square, the focal point of Egyptian uprising in Cairo, Egypt, Friday, June 28, 2013. Tens of thousands of backers and opponents of Egypt’s Islamist president held competing rallies in the capital Friday and new clashes erupted between the two sides in the countryís second largest city, Alexandria, in a prelude to massive nationwide protests planned by the opposition this weekend demanding Mohammed Morsiís removal.(AP Photo/Amr Nabil)
Police fired tear gas in a street leading to Cairo’s Tahrir Square, heart of the 2011 anti-Mubarak uprising, where thousands demanded Mursi quit and accused him of launching a “coup”. There were violent protests in Alexandria, Port Said and Suez.
“The people want to bring down the regime,” shouted protesters in Tahrir, echoing a chant used in the uprising that forced Mubarak to step down. “Get out, Mursi,” they chanted. (Reuters; AP Photos)
United last year by popular anger at Mubarak and his 30-year rule, Egyptians gathering on the January 25 anniversary were in high spirits but divided between activists demanding a swift end to army rule and Islamists celebrating their dramatic change in fortunes after emerging victors in a parliamentary election.
In a powerful and graphic video seen around the world, soldiers are seen beating and dragging the woman along the street during a protest. Her clothing becomes loose and her blue bra is clearly on show as a soldier stomps on her.
U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton expressed outrage at the woman’s treatment and said it dishonours the country.
“This systematic degradation of Egyptian women dishonours the revolution, disgraces the state and its uniform and is not worthy of a great people,” she said.
Burnt and damaged books at the Institute of Egypt in central Cairo on December 19, 2011 after the world-famous centre caught fire during deadly clashes between security forces and protesters. The heavily damaged historic centre for the advancement of scientific research, housing priceless national archives, was founded in 1798 during Napoleon Bonaparte’s expedition to Egypt, and contained more than 20,000 precious documents and manuscripts. MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images READ MORE
During the early days of Egypt’s revolution, the once-powerful and much-feared interior minister, Habib al-Adly, reportedly dismissed Cairo’s protesters as “a bunch of incognizant, ineffective young people.”
It was, perhaps, the most erroneous assessment of the entire Arab Spring.
Mr. Habib obviously had not met Wael Ghonim, the former Google executive, computer engineer and Internet activist who unwittingly became the unofficial spokesman for Egypt’s revolutionaries.
“I’m not a hero. I want to tell every mother and every father who lost a child, I am sorry. But this is not our mistake. I swear to God, it is not our mistake. It is the mistake of every one of those in power who doesn’t want to let go of it.” (Photo: Dylan Martinez/Reuters)
By early afternoon, troops were trying to disperse around 10,000 protesters with truncheons and what witnesses said appeared to be cattle prods that they used to give electric shocks to some of the demonstrators.
In a pattern of spreading violence that has become a familiar refrain during nine months of army rule since President Hosni Mubarak’s overthrow, protesters regrouped in growing numbers as resentment at security forces’ tactics grew. (Photo: Amr Abdallah Dalsh/Reuters)
The military generals were feted as champions of the uprising that toppled Hosni Mubarak in February, but the violence since Saturday when police moved to break up a sit-in Cairo’s Tahrir Square has underlined growing hostility to their continued control.
“I’ve seen the police beat women my mother’s age. I want military rule to end,” said 21-year-old Mohamed Gamal. (Photo: Amr Abdallah Dalsh/Reuters)
The protesters chanted Islamic songs before Friday prayers while others handed out flyers demanding the withdrawal of the constitutional proposal and that presidential elections be held no later than April 2012, instead of at year end or in 2013.
“Does the government want to humiliate the people? The people revolted against Mubarak and they will revolt against the constitution they want to impose on us!” a member of an orthodox Islamic Salafi group cried out over loudspeakers. (Photo: Khaled Desouki/AFP/Getty Images)
'Virginity tests' done, general says An Egyptian general said the military conducted forced “virginity tests” on female protesters in March, actions that have outraged Egyptian activists who called for demonstrations to condemn the incident.
"The girls who were detained were not like your daughter or mine," the general, who did not want to be named, told CNN.
"We didn’t want them to say we had sexually assaulted or raped them, so we wanted to prove that they weren’t virgins in the first place.
"These were girls who had camped out in tents with male protesters in Tahrir Square, and we found in the tents Molotov cocktails and [drugs]," he said.
Amnesty International had previously called on the government to investigate accusations that the army tortured and abused women arrested in the protests. (Miguel Medina/AFP/Getty Images)
A girl attends Friday prayer in front of an army tank during Friday prayers in Tahrir Square in Cairo, Feb. 18, 2011. Egyptians held a nationwide “Victory March” on Friday to celebrate the overthrow of Hosni Mubarak’s 30-year rule one week ago, to protect the revolution and to remind new military rulers of the power of the street. (Photo: Suhaib Salem/Reuters)